World War II

Germany was ruled by Hitler at that time and Hitler became interested in ruling the world. He made an agreement with the head of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, on August 23, 1939, that we would not fight each other for the next ten years. Hitler and his National Socialist (Nazi Party) then reached a strategic agreement with Italy and Japan on how to show their power to the world. Britain and France were aware of Germany’s intentions as to why Hitler was making such agreements. They felt it was about to invade Poland.

Britain and France said that if Germany invaded Poland, we would fight with our troops. On September 1, 1939, Hitler invaded Poland. Two days after the invasion, Britain and France declared war on Germany, and then World War II began. The Soviet Union also invaded Poland. When Poland was attacked from both sides. They could not save it. And Poland came under German occupation.

Secret Agreement

As the secret agreement between Hitler and Stalin in 1940, Stalin sent his forces to evacuate the Soviet Union Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania). This was the beginning of the war between Russia and Finland. In Poland, on the other hand, German and British troops continued to fight each other. On April 9, 1940, Germany invaded Norway and evacuated Denmark. And then Hitler brought his troops back to France, passing through Belgium and the Netherlands. Italy also declared war on Britain and France on June 10, 1940.

France divided into two parts

On June 14, 1940, German troops entered Paris. France was divided into two parts. One occupied by Germany. Hitler then turned his troops to Britain. He intended to capture the English Channel which will make it easier to win the war. Hitler first planned to drop bombs on London and the industrial areas, but then he postponed the plan. Winston Churchill (the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at that time) continued to receive support from the United States under the Lend-Lease Act, passed by Congress in early 1941. At the beginning of 1941, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria also joined Germany.

Photo by Victoria Museum on Unsplash

Germany occupied Yugoslavia and Greece in April. Hitler’s real initial goal was to invade the Soviet Union so that a large area of ​​it, “Lebensraum”, would prove very important to Germany. And the rest of Hitler’s strategy was to eliminate the Jews from Germany and Europe. The final solution came when more than 4 million people were killed in death camps inside Poland over the next three years after the Soviet invasion. On June 22, 1941, Hitler ordered an invasion of the Soviet Union and captured 200 miles of Moscow in mid-July.

Japan attacked Huawei – the main uS naval base

On December 7, 1941, two Japanese aircraft attacked Huawei, the main US naval base at Pearl Harbor. This was a complete surprise for the United States. And the very next day, on December 8, Congress declared war on Japan. And then Germany and its allies declared war on the United States. The allies were celebrating under the name “DD” on June 6, 1944. Why didn’t they celebrate? They had British, Canadian and American soldiers land on Normandy Beach, France. In response, Hitler used all his forces to save Germany. With Soviet troops already in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania, Hitler mustered all his forces to push the United States and Britain out of Germany.

This was Germany’s last major and aggressive battle of World War II, fought on Bulge in December 1944 and January 1945. The area occupied by the Allies in Germany was hit by a heavy aerial bombardment in February 1945. On May 8, 1945, Germany surrendered and the Soviet Union occupied much of the territory. Hitler had already committed suicide on April 30, 1945, in his own Berlin bunker. In July-August, 1945 a conference was held in Potsdam in which US President Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchill and Stalin discussed the war with Japan and the restoration of peace in Germany.

After the war, Germany was divided into four parts. One was occupied by the Soviet Union, the other by Britain, the United States and France. Churchill and Truman agreed with Stalin on the future division of Eastern Europe because they needed the help of the Soviet Union to win the war against Japan.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

On August 6, 1945, US bomber Enola Gay dropped a five-ton bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. Immediately after the bombing, eighty thousand people were killed. Thousands more were killed in the following weeks due to injuries and radiation poisoning. And then the United States waited for Japan to surrender. But Japan refused to concede defeat. Three days later, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan, killing at least forty thousand people.

Shortly afterward, on August 15, 1945, Japan announced its surrender. On August 10, 1945, the Japanese government issued a statement recognizing the Potsdam Declaration, and on September 6, US General Douglas MacArthur accepted Japan’s surrender.

End of War

World War II caused the greatest international catastrophe in history. Between 35 and 60 million people were killed, including 6 million Jews who were killed by Hitler’s party (the Nazis). Millions were injured. And those who survived lost their homes and property. The legacy of World War II was that communism would spread from the Soviet Union to Eastern Europe and the last victory in China. After that, the world power shifted from Europe to two rival powers, the United States and the Soviet Union who would soon go ahead and wage a cold war with each other.

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